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The symptoms of diabetes range from the inconvenient to the potentially very serious. Excessive thirst and frequent urination are the most prominent symptoms of this condition in which the body is unable to properly metabolize sugar. In diabetes mellitus, the damaged pancreas fails to produce either effective or sufficient insulin, a hormone which controls blood sugar levels.  In the more common kind of diabetes however the pancreas produces sufficient of insulin, but its utilization in the cells of the body is blocked by different mechanism such as the effects of a diet rich in fats (1). Eating a low fat diet, as well as unrefined grains, legumes, and vegetables can reduce the needs or insulin intake in people with diabetes (2,3). Many studies reveal the ability of foods to alleviate this disease.

For example, young broccoli sprouts as a functional food contain many bioactive compounds especially sulforaphane which are perfectly indicated for management of type 2 diabetes and its complications.

Indeed supplementing the diet of type 2 diabetics with high sulforaphane content broccoli sprouts resulted in increased total antioxidant capacity of plasma and in decreased oxidative stress index, lipid peroxidation, serum triglycerides, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL)/LDL-cholesterol ratio, serum insulin, insulin resistance, and serum high-sensitive C-reactive protein, allowing sulforaphane to  prevent nephropathy, diabetes-induced fibrosis, and vascular complications (4). Garlic has been shown to have antihyperglycemic and lipid-lowering properties. The additional lowering of C-reactive protein and serum adenosine deaminase levels with garlic suggests that garlic can be a valuable agent in providing good glycemic control and the prevention of long-term complications (5). Recent research shows there is  a lower risk of type 2 diabetes associated with the consumption of 2–6 apples per week (27% reduction) or 1 apple per day (28% reduction),  compared with no apple consumption (6).  Fibre in your diet reduces the speed of absorption of sugar from your gut, thus reducing the spike of sugar in your blood. We can obtain a similar effect if we cook pasta or rice or any food rich in carbohydrates “al dente” or dosing the amount of water we drink before, during, and after the meal.

The power of a well balanced diet is based on the concept that every meal should raise the blood sugar by around 120-130 mg/dL.  

Thus there is no trigger to release insulin from the beta-cells of the pancreas. With a well balanced diet you will aintain the sugar level in your blood at 5 mM, a fundamental factor in optimizing your physiological activities.

A very well balanced diet includes different oils such as flaxseeds, evening primrose, and blackcurrant seed oil, in order to implement the high quality of linoleic and omega 3 fatty acids, beneficial factors to regulate insulin and protect diabetic, heart, and kidney damage.


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